* Hosts: Deborah Amos
* Length: 51 minutes
* Original Airdate: Dec 2010
Sudan has been at war with itself for decades. Arab Muslims in the north have long dominated Christian and animist Africans in the south. But, in a referendum scheduled for January 2011, southerners are expected to vote for separation. And the divorce may not be pretty. The south will take water, land, and about three quarters of Sudan’s oil with it. That’s one of many reasons the north opposes the divorce, and why there’s fear of a return to conflict.
Segment 1: Sean Carberry reports from Malakal in South Sudan on the voter registration process, and how people there are eager for the referendum, but wary of possible conflict with the north. Listen to this segment.
Guests include Jacob Lazaro Doro, a resident of Malakal; Khor Paul Gatinal, a student who recently returned to South Sudan from Kenya; Lieutenant General Simon Kun Pouch, Governor of Upper Nile State; Rass Muy Tang, chairman of the Southern Sudan Youth Forum, a civil society organization advocating for separation.
MULTIMEDIA: For a firsthand perspective of life on the ground, read Sean Carberry’s blog posts while reporting from Sudan on The Dispatch.
Segment 2: Deborah Amos examines the negotiations behind the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that put an end to Sudan’s long-running civil war and mapped out South Sudan’s road to self-determination. Listen to this segment.
Guests include Senator John Danforth, former Special Envoy for Peace in Sudan; Ambassador Alan Goulty, former UK Special Representative for Sudan; General Lazaro Sumbeiywo, Kenya’s Special Envoy to the Sudanese peace process.
Deborah Amos speaks with Sean Carberry about the unresolved details of the split between north and south that could prompt conflict.
Segment 3: Matt Ozug reports from Bor, South Sudan, on the mismatch between optimistic expectations and post-independence reality when it comes to development and security. Listen to this segment.
Guests include Kuol Manyang Juuk, Governor of Jonglei State in South Sudan; Judy McCallum, Country Representative for the NGO Pact Sudan; Mabior Sodit, a resident of Bor; Yot Kot Yot, a cattle dealer in Bor.
Segment 4: Deborah Amos speaks with Nicholas Kristof, columnist of The New York Times and Andrew Natsios, former US Special Envoy to Sudan, about US foreign policy towards Sudan and about tense internal negotiations between North and South Sudan in the lead up to the referendum. Listen to this segment.
Splitting Sudan / Executive Producer: Aaron Lobel / AAM Producers: Monica Bushman, Sean Carberry, Jordana Gustafson, Matt Ozug, Chris Williams. Editing by Martha Little.
America Abroad is distributed by PRI: Public Radio International.